Published on July 3, 2019
The need to expand the system of higher education, the impact of technology on the educational delivery, the increasing private participation in higher education and the impact of globalization have necessitated marked changes in the Indian higher education system. These changes and the consequent shift in values have been taken into cognizance by NAAC while formulating the core values.
(i) Contributing to National Development: The role of HEIs is significant in human resource development and capacity building of individuals, to cater to the needs of the economy, society and the country as a whole, thereby, contributing to the development of the Nation. Serving the cause of social justice, ensuring equity and increasing access to higher education are a few ways by which HEIs can contribute to the national development. It is therefore appropriate that the Assessment and Accreditation (A&A) process of NAAC looks into the ways HEIs have been responding to and contributing towards national development.
(ii) Fostering Global Competencies among Students: With liberalization and globalization of economic activities, the need to develop skilled human resources of a high calibre is imperative. Consequently, the demand for internationally acceptable standards in higher education is evident. This requires that the HEIs be innovative, creative and entrepreneurial in their approach. Towards achieving this, HEIs may establish collaborations with industries, network with the neighbourhood agencies/bodies and foster a closer relationship between the “world of competent-learning” and the “world of skilled work”.
(iii) Inculcating a Value System among Students: Although skill development is crucial to the success of students in the job market, skills are of less value in the absence of appropriate value systems. The seeds of values such as cooperation and mutual understanding during the early stages of education must be reiterated and re-emphasized at the higher education also through appropriate learning experiences and opportunities. The NAAC assessment therefore examines how The HEIs shoulder the responsibility of inculcating desirable value systems among students.
(iv) Promoting the Use of Technology: The process of assessment by NAAC takes into consideration that HEIs are not only using technology as a learning resource but also managing the activities like documentation and data management of the institution in a technology-enabled way HEIs are expected to have a robust electronic data management system and a functional website to provide ready and relevant information to the stakeholders particularly the student community. Therefore, NAAC accreditation would look at how the HEIs are providing ICT literacy to the campus community, using ICT for resource sharing and networking, as well as adopting ICT-enabled administrative processes.
(v) Quest for Excellence: HEIs should demonstrate a drive to develop themselves into centres of excellence that contribute towards nation-building. Excellence in all that they will contribute to the overall development of the system of higher education of the country as a whole. This ‘Quest for Excellence’ could start with the assessment or even earlier, by the establishment of the Steering Committee for the preparation of the Self - Study Report (SSR) of an institution. Another step in this direction could be the identification of the strengths and weaknesses in the teaching and learning processes as carried out by the institution.
The five core values as outlined above form the foundation for assessment of institutions that volunteer for accreditation by NAAC. The HEIs may also add their own core values to these in conformity with the goals and mission.
(The above excerpt is taken from the National Assessment and Accreditation Council Report, 2018. To know more click here)